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Hypnosis Training Video #299: How 5-PATH® Hypnotherapy Can Get to the Root Cause of the Problem
Pain and anxiety during interventional radiologic procedures
PURPOSE: To assess how patients' underlying anxiety affects their experience of distress, use of resources, and responsiveness toward nonpharmacologic analgesia adjunct therapies during invasive procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred thirty-six patients undergoing vascular and renal interventions, who had been randomized to receive during standard care treatment, structured empathic attention, or self-hypnotic relaxation, were divided into two groups: those with low state anxiety scores on the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI, scores < 43; n = 116) and those with high state anxiety scores (> or = 43; n = 120). All had access to patient-controlled analgesia with fentanyl and midazolam. Every 15 minutes during the procedure, patients rated their anxiety and pain on a scale of 0-10 (0, no pain/anxiety at all; 10, worst possible pain/anxiety). Effects were assessed by analysis of variance and repeated-measures analysis. RESULTS: Patients with high state anxiety levels required significantly greater procedure time and medication. Empathic attention as well as hypnosis treatment reduced procedure time and medication use for all patients. These nonpharmacologic analgesia adjunct treatments also provided significantly better pain control than standard care for patients with low anxiety levels. Anxiety decreased over the time of the procedure; patients with high state anxiety levels experienced the most significant decreases in anxiety with nonpharmacologic adjuncts whereas patients with low state anxiety levels coped relatively well under all conditions. CONCLUSION: Patients' state anxiety level is a predictor of trends in procedural pain and anxiety, need for medication, and procedure duration. Low and high state anxiety groups profit from the use of nonpharmacologic analgesia adjuncts but those with high state anxiety levels have the most to gain.
Department of Radiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, 330 Brookline Avenue, WCC 308, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA.
J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2005 Dec;16(12):1585-92.Click here to read
Hypnosis is a Highly Effective Way To Overcome Test Anxiety!In this session,your body will be given anchors that will relax the autonomic nervous system during an exam. You will also be able to study & take exams in a relaxed, optimum mental state!
Pass Your Driving Test With Grace and Confidence!In this hypnosis session,your body will be given anchors that will relax the autonomic nervous system during the driving test.Easily pass your test& be able to experience the thrill of the open road!
There are many ways to think about health. One definition states that it is merely about metabolic efficiency. Others consider that it is the absence of pain, injury, or illness. Regardless, it does refer to a general condition involving a person's mind, body, and spirit. Therefore, when good working definition would state that health is a situation or condition in which the mind, body, and spirit has achieved a state of balance, which is also called homeostasis.
Essentially, we are a complex amalgam of integrated entities. This includes proteins, genes, cells, organs, our mind, and what...
Helen Keller once said, "What we have enjoyed deeply we can never lose. All that we love deeply becomes part of us." By the time that we have survived only a few years on this planet, most certainly we have experienced some form of grief. It may be something as small as losing a toy or is great as the loss of a parent. Assuredly grief will always be a part of our lives. Although it's painful, in some ways it gives us an affirmation that we are truly alive.
Bernie Siegel summed this up quite nicely. He said, "One cannot get through life without pain... what we can do is choose how to use...
Many people have a very big problem with being able to forgive others. Often their difficulty is to the fact their memory of a particularly uncomfortable event causes them to physically relive the unpleasantness that originally occurred. Hypnotherapists call this phenomenon revivification. This is especially severe when a person has obsessive thoughts during which they ruminate. When you combine a tendency to ruminate with a revivification, it becomes practically impossible for someone to forgive.
Therefore, in severe instances a person’s inability to forgive is much like any other...