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Gil Boyne on Hypnotherapy Regulation
From monkey-like action recognition to human language: an evolutionary framework for neurolinguistic
The article analyzes the neural and functional grounding of language skills as well as their emergence in hominid evolution, hypothesizing stages leading from abilities known to exist in monkeys and apes and presumed to exist in our hominid ancestors right through to modern spoken and signed languages. The starting point is the observation that both premotor area F5 in monkeys and Broca's area in humans contain a "mirror system" active for both execution and observation of manual actions, and that F5 and Broca's area are homologous brain regions. This grounded the mirror system hypothesis of Rizzolatti and Arbib (1998) which offers the mirror system for grasping as a key neural "missing link" between the abilities of our nonhuman ancestors of 20 million years ago and modern human language, with manual gestures rather than a system for vocal communication providing the initial seed for this evolutionary process. The present article, however, goes "beyond the mirror" to offer hypotheses on evolutionary changes within and outside the mirror systems which may have occurred to equip Homo sapiens with a language-ready brain. Crucial to the early stages of this progression is the mirror system for grasping and its extension to permit imitation. Imitation is seen as evolving via a so-called simple system such as that found in chimpanzees (which allows imitation of complex "object-oriented" sequences but only as the result of extensive practice) to a so-called complex system found in humans (which allows rapid imitation even of complex sequences, under appropriate conditions) which supports pantomime. This is hypothesized to have provided the substrate for the development of protosign, a combinatorially open repertoire of manual gestures, which then provides the scaffolding for the emergence of protospeech (which thus owes little to nonhuman vocalizations), with protosign and protospeech then developing in an expanding spiral. It is argued that these stages involve biological evolution of both brain and body. By contrast, it is argued that the progression from protosign and protospeech to languages with full-blown syntax and compositional semantics was a historical phenomenon in the development of Homo sapiens, involving few if any further biological changes.
Are drugs taking over your life?You’ll learn how to erase negative cravings through reprogramming your mind to install healthy motivation and reward responses.You’ll start to detoxify your body and addressing the factors that led you to addiction.
How much damage has your gambling addiction done to your finances and your relationships?Learn how to conquer your cravings for gambling and recognize and deactivate triggers that would have sent you to the poker table or the race track.
Having a healthy inner self enables you to face challenges, adapt to changes, and make choices because the ego is your inner guide.Use this session to help heal a wounded or underdeveloped ego and strengthen your sense of self in a balanced way.
In general, there are three types of mental health disorders with which I am concerned. The first category, and probably most common, involves disorders related to fears, anxieties, trauma, and phobias. These almost always related to learned patterns. Something happened in their mind and body fell to adapt appropriately. The second category is personality disorders. Again, this involves a person's ability to adapt and adjust to the unknown. A personality is normally considered one's beliefs, values, and behaviors. Together these are reflected as patterns. Once something happens that is...
More than likely you have more to appreciate than you think? I know that for many people times are tough. Too many people are out of work. The Recession has left many of us with a tremendous decrease in income and revenue while our debts and bills remain the same – or are getting worse. However, look around you. If you start a list of everything and everybody that you appreciate in life, you will most likely find that your wealth is much greater than you ever considered.
My favorite Christmas movie is the 1946 Frank Capra movie It’s a Wonderful Life, staring Jimmy Stewart...
What is smoking, why should I care, and how do I quit?
Smoking includes the inhalation of burning tobacco into your airways – to include your lungs. It is done as an addictive habit. Once a non-smoker gets past the initial awkwardness of the act of smoking, the social benefits and simultaneous calming and stimulus benefits lead to a frequent repetition. Unfortunately, this seemingly harmless act both stimulates the release of various pleasure-related chemicals in the brain and become a learned habit, which eventually becomes deeply ingrained in their brain.
The fact that the act...