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Hypnosis Training Video #299: How 5-PATH® Hypnotherapy Can Get to the Root Cause of the Problem
Undergraduate homeopathy education in Europe and the influence of accreditation.
CONTEXT: The safety of patients consulting with practitioners of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) partially depends on practitioners' competence, and thus the standard of undergraduate education. OBJECTIVES: Describe undergraduate homeopathy courses in Europe, student/graduate numbers and whether there were differences between recognised/accredited and non-recognised/non-accredited courses. METHODS: Cross sectional survey of current homeopathy undergraduate education in Europe in 2008. Data from 145 (94.8%) out of 153 identified courses were collected. Eighty-five (55.6%) responded to a questionnaire survey. For others some data was extracted from their websites. Only data from the questionnaire survey is used for the main analysis. FINDINGS: The average course in the questionnaire survey had 47 enrolled students and 142 graduates, and lasted 3.6 years part-time. An estimated 6500 students were enrolled and 21,000 had graduated from 153 identified European undergraduate homeopathy courses. Out of 85 courses most had entry requirements and provided medical education (N = 48) or required students to obtain this competence elsewhere (N = 33). The average number of teaching hours were 992 (95% confidence interval (CI) 814, 1170) overall, with 555 h (95%CI 496, 615) for homeopathy. Four out of five courses were recognised/accredited. Recognised/accredited part-time courses lasted significantly longer than non-recognised/non-accredited courses (difference 0.6 years, 95%CI 0.0-1.2, P = 0.040), and offered significantly larger numbers of teaching hours in homeopathy (difference 167 h, 95%CI 7-327, P = 0.041). CONCLUSIONS: About 6500 currently enrolled students are doing undergraduate homeopathy education in Europe and 21,000 have graduated from such courses over a period of about 30 years. Undergraduate homeopathy education in Europe is heterogeneous. Recognized/accredited courses are more extensive with more teaching hours.
A phobia is a special type of fear. This anxiety disorder represents a persistent fear of an object or situation. As such it is a learned mental health disorder that also may be addressed effectively with hypnotherapy.
Like other anxiety disorders, when a phobia is installed in the brain it is due to it an initial sensitizing event, which the person's brain failed to appropriately accommodate. Although a phobia can develop at any time during a person's life, the worst ones are those that occur when a child's brain is still immature. In those situations, a child's hippocampus is seemingly...
Drinking alcohol in excess can quickly become a strong addiction. While alcohol drinking may have started out as a way of socializing, once it becomes a regular activity a person’s body and brain begin to expect a certain level of consumption. A that point this behavior begins training the body and brain to expect the stimulus. The resulting addiction becomes a medical and mental health problem that affects just about every facet of life.
Other than realizing the physiological problems, when addressing an addiction related to the excessive drinking of alcohol, it is important to remember...
For several years I worked as a Certified Financial Planner for a major New York City-based corporation. When I worked with individuals, couples, and families, I was impressed by the fact that they most definitely had goals and desires. But despite their financial resources, many of them couldn’t seem to achieve the financial discipline to reach their objectives. Even when I laid out a clear plan for them, they had a difficulty following the plan.
If a person’s ability to meet their obligations is suddenly upset by medical or employment issues, the best plans may not work. Let’s...