Self Hypnosis and Clinical Hypnotherapy CDs & MP3 Downloads
High quality, professional and powerful hypnotherapy sessions!
Steve Lim- NLP, Time Line Therapy™ and Hypnotherapy (Yee Hup)
Eyewitness identification evidence and innocence risk.
It is well known that the frailties of human memory and vulnerability to suggestion lead to eyewitness identification errors. However, variations in different aspects of the eyewitnessing conditions produce different kinds of errors that are related to wrongful convictions in very different ways. We present a review of the eyewitness identification literature, organized around underlying cognitive mechanisms, memory, similarity, and decision processes, assessing the effects on both correct and mistaken identification. In addition, we calculate a conditional probability we call innocence risk, which is the probability that the suspect is innocent, given that the suspect was identified. Assessment of innocence risk is critical to the theoretical development of eyewitness identification research, as well as to legal decision making and policy evaluation. Our review shows a complex relationship between misidentification and innocence risk, sheds light on some areas of controversy, and suggests that some issues thought to be resolved are in need of additional research.
Psychon Bull Rev. 2009 Feb;16(1):22-42. Clark SE, Godfrey RD. Psychology Department, University of California, Riverside, California 92521, USA. email@example.com
After looking at many definitions of anxiety, which are offered by a variety of medical and psychological authorities, I can't help but think that something's missing. Typically anxiety is to find as a feeling of apprehension, fear, or worry. But to fully understand what it is and how it may be affected by hypnosis a much bigger picture must be looked at first.
The fully developed adult brain has the ability to anticipate and simulate. As perceptions or imagination or match with predictive patterns it is natural to assume that something either extremely positive or extremely negative may...
Addictions are serious chronic brain diseases, which have biological, psychological, and social implications. They are powerful because they employ neurological processes required for learning and survival. However, they use these vital systems in a way that threatens the addict’s health, relationships, and may often end in criminal prosecution and jail time. So, to understand and treat this problem both the patient and the counselor must know how abuse is encoded, triggered, and reinforced.
Our brain participates in a two-level learning system. Generally, learning can be divided into...
Something happens that should not have bothered you. You see a car accident, hear a loud noise, or even possibly nothing at all occurs other than you just finished a cup of coffee. However, your body is reacting as if you have received a threat to your life. Your heart is racing, you breathing quickens, and you feel that you are just about to have a heart attack. Yet, you absolutely know that your reaction is illogical and should have never happened. You are having a panic attack.
Experts tend to agree that panic attacks generally occur because deep in your brain you have been programmed...