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Hypnotherapy : How to Calm Nerves the Natural Way
Cognitive-behavioral therapy and hypnosis intervention on positive and negative affect
Breast cancer radiotherapy can be an emotionally difficult experience. Despite this, few studies have examined the effectiveness of psychological interventions to reduce negative affect, and none to date have explicitly examined interventions to improve positive affect among breast cancer radiotherapy patients. The present study examined the effectiveness of a multimodal psychotherapeutic approach, combining cognitive-behavioral therapy and hypnosis (CBTH), to reduce negative affect and increase positive affect in 40 women undergoing breast cancer radiotherapy. Participants were randomly assigned to receive either CBTH or standard care. Participants completed weekly self-report measures of positive and negative affect. Repeated and univariate analyses of variance revealed that the CBTH approach reduced levels of negative affect [F(1, 38)=13.49; p=.0007, omega(2)=.56], and increased levels of positive affect [F(1, 38)=9.67; p=.0035, omega(2)=.48], during the course of radiotherapy. Additionally, relative to the control group, the CBTH group demonstrated significantly more intense positive affect [F(1, 38)=7.09; p=.0113, d=.71] and significantly less intense negative affect [F(1, 38)=10.30; p=.0027, d=.90] during radiotherapy. The CBTH group also had a significantly higher frequency of days where positive affect was greater than negative affect (85% of days assessed for the CBTH group versus 43% of the Control group) [F(1, 38)=18.16; p=.0001, d=1.16]. Therefore, the CBTH intervention has the potential to improve the affective experience of women undergoing breast cancer radiotherapy.
J Clin Psychol. 2009 Apr;65(4):443-55. Schnur JB, David D, Kangas M, Green S, Bovbjerg DH, Montgomery GH. Department of Oncological Sciences, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029-6574, USA. email@example.com
According to the National Health Interview Survey, 75% of the general US population experiences some level of stress every couple weeks. And, according to the American Psychological Association, 54% are concerned about their stress levels. Of course, when referring to here is distress, which is overwhelmingly negative stress. When it of gets out of hand, it can cause cognitive, emotional, behavioral, and even physical symptoms.
If you are concerned that your stress level is getting out of control, their specific symptoms for which you should be on the lookout. These include:...
When trying to understand insomnia, you should consider sleep is from a neurological point of view. In general, a sleep state represents a significant neurological reorganization. This means that many areas of the brain are substantially inactivated and others activated. For instance, the Reticular Activating System, which is located in the brain stem and has a lot to do with conscious awareness. (Also, the brain stem controls breathing, which is why meditators, who consciously modify their breathing, can substantially change their mental states.)
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I have often heard that the key to life is balance. Yes, we spend a lot of time seeking out opportunities and challenges designed to stimulate our minds. Indeed, there are plenty of opportunities for entertainment. The Internet, the seemingly unlimited array of channels that are available through our cable or satellite provider, and even our multimedia cell phones provide an endless supply of thrills and fantasies. Yet, what happens when we fail to balance this adequately with relaxation.
It seems that whether real or inspired by the media the challenges of life motivate us. If...