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Alternative Therapies - Hypnotherapy 6 of 6 - BBC Health Documentary Series
Are psychological treatments effective for fibromyalgia pain?
This article considers four broad classes of psychological techniques and their effects on fibromyalgia (FM) pain. A literature search identified 14 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and operant-behavioral therapy (OBT), five relaxation RCTs, five biofeedback RCTs, five hypnotherapy RCTs, and two writing intervention RCTs. For psychoanalytic therapy in FM, no RCTs have been published. The highest effect sizes (r = 0.53-2.14) for pain reduction are found after CBT and OBT group treatments. Relaxation as a single treatment has not been proven useful. Hypnotherapy and writing intervention have demonstrated mild treatment effects, whereas psychological treatment is effective in FM pain. Considering the heterogeneity of FM, the promising effects of matched interventions such as CBT and OBT with pharmacotherapy, exercise, and other treatment domains require further research.
Curr Rheumatol Rep. 2009 Dec;11(6):443-50. Thieme K, Gracely RH. Center for Neurosensory Disorders, University of North Carolina, CB#7280, 3330 Thurston Building, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. email@example.com
What is happiness? Some would define it in terms of being contented with what you have or are experiencing at the moment. Others would explain it in terms of what they own, where they live, and how much money they make. As a therapist, people frequently tell me that they determine their happiness by how others treat or regard them. Unfortunately, in that case they have completely surrendered their happiness to the whims of others. That is not a condition that I recommend.
However, I am now going to recommend that you consider another approach to happiness. Consider your dominant thoughts....
Our ability to sense other people's feelings is the key to survival with any civilized society. It may also be directly related to our ability to learn languages and customs. The discovery of mirror neurons in the 1990s showed that are empathetic nature is very much a part of our neurophysiology. Additionally, other neuroscientists have frequently discussed the fact that properly nurtured and socialized infants and children have also developed specific parts of the brain, which are associated with the ability to show empathy. People without these abilities are often called sociopaths or...
When looked at its most basic form, fear is a condition that all healthy individuals may experience. It is only when it becomes chronically out of control and unjustified by events in the environment, that it becomes problematic. Fear arises out of a person's survival instinct combined with the ability for the brain to stimulate and anticipate. It also may be due to recognition that an anticipated situation may not be handled by existing patterns of expectation. This causes the brain to go through what I call an adaptation phase. Of course, there is always the possibility that an individual...