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PTSD treatment Birmingham Soldier 1 week on after hypnotherapy and NLP for PTSD
Does the more vivid imagery of high hypnotizables depend on greater cognitive effort?
In an investigation of the role of cognitive effort in hypnotic responding, high and low hypnotizable participants produced emotionally neutral imagery in response to effortful versus effortless hypnotic suggestions. Heart-rate increase served as an objective index of cognitive effort, and subjective ratings of imagery vividness, absorption, effort, and control were collected. Compared to lows, high hypnotizable participants experienced their imagery as more vivid and absorbing, yet their heart rates indicated no higher level of cognitive effort than lows. Compared to effortless wording, effortful wording of suggestions increased cognitive effort in lows, as indexed by heart-rate increase, but had no effect on the effort expended by highs. Ratings of subjective control were strongly correlated with subjective effort for lows but unrelated for highs. These results support the dissociated-control theory of hypnosis rather than the dissociated-experience or social-cognitive theories.
Department of Psychology, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. firstname.lastname@example.org
Addictions are serious chronic brain diseases, which have biological, psychological, and social implications. They are powerful because they employ neurological processes required for learning and survival. However, they use these vital systems in a way that threatens the addict’s health, relationships, and may often end in criminal prosecution and jail time. So, to understand and treat this problem both the patient and the counselor must know how abuse is encoded, triggered, and reinforced.
Our brain participates in a two-level learning system. Generally, learning can be divided into...
Let’s face it. More than likely you have the same brain and same physiology as the most prodigious genius and top Olympic athlete. Yes, an inventory of your brain sectors, organs, and muscle groups show a surprising similarity to the top performers. Yet, why haven’t you achieved such greatness? This is a question that I’ve asked for several decades. It surprised me what I discovered.
Our first obstacle is that each and every one of us is programmed to be mediocre. Think about this for a moment. Back when you were in school, two groups of people were often criticized. These were the...
Millions of people around the world know that they want to transform their lives. However, despite numerous coaches, counselors, therapists, and social workers being readily available, too often this only results in information overload and inaction. This is true both regarding people who need formal clinical assistance in order to address some type moderate to severe mental health concern and for those who would benefit from just a little coaching and understanding.
Over the past several decades I have been repeatedly exposed to various types of transformational theories and practices....